History of Alanya

Alanya'nın Tarihçesi

Seljuks are the first to come to mind when talking about Alanya. Of course, Alanya Castle and Kızılkule, where you can see all of Alanya from a bird's eye view, are the biggest factors, but there are also many inns and caravanserais in the vicinity. But Alanya has a much more rooted past. The past of Alanya goes back to 20 thousand years in researches. In ancient times, it remained within the borders of Pamphylia Region. Coracesium is the oldest known name of Alanya, which has come under the domination of civilizations that we can say for almost all of Anatolia. After Persia, Alexander the Great, Seleukos came under the rule of BC. In 65, he joined the Roman Empire by Magnus Pompeus. Along with Byzantium (Eastern Rome), the city's name becomes Kalonoros. In the periods when there was no strong dominance and piracy activities were effective, Alanya will start to live its golden years with the Seljuk Period. The name of the city, which was taken by Alaaddin Keykubat in 1221, is changed to Alaiye. The castle is fortified and the Kızılkule and shipyard, the symbol of Alanya, are built. It becomes the winter capital of the Anatolian Seljuks and at the same time becomes the center of the Mediterranean navy. Alaiye, which came under the sovereignty of Karamanoğulları and Mamluks until it was captured by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1471, took the name Alanya after the visit of Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK in 1931. You should not return without visiting and seeing the Pamphylian cities, canyons, waterfalls and caves in Alanya, which is at the forefront with the works of the Seljuk Period. Of course, it would be a great deficiency not to taste bananas in their fresh and non-medicated form while visiting Alanya. Especially when you go towards Gazipaşa direction in Alanya, you will see that you are surrounded by banana gardens after a while. So, what should be visited and seen in Alanya at the foot of Cebel-i Reis Mountain which is so rich?